What is Pebbledash?
Pebbledash is a style of external wall covering. It is made by applying a layer of mortar to a wall and then blasting hundreds of tiny pebbles against the wall. Pebbledash is a distinct style and, in the UK, can be seen in many post-WW1 houses. This is because it is cheap, relatively durable, and a quick way to cover houses.
That said, pebbledash can cause problems later down the line. It is common for the pebbles to drop over time, leaving your external walls exposed to the elements. Pebbledash is also prone to cracking, which can lead to water ingress. In time, this can cause the pebbledash to fall away from the wall. It can also be extremely costly to remove Pebbledash. This is especially true if, at a later date, you decide to revert back to the original brick finish of the house.
Therefore, a great way to avoid this costly and painstaking task, and to improve the structure, is to simply install insulation boards over the pebbledash. This method has the added benefit of improving the thermal efficiency of your property, whilst creating a smooth and modern finish. We have created a handy buyers guide to equip you with all the knowledge you will need to understand the process.
1. Priming the Pebbledash
When covering Pebbledash, it must be correctly primed. This ensures your insulation system will last.
For the primer, we recommend using EWI-310 Universal Primer to create an abrasive surface for the EWI-225 adhere to.
Prior to priming, you should be sure to remove loose elements from the surface and check for structural stability if painted.
EWI-310 Universal Primer’s coverage is 15L/50m2 and has a drying time of 4 hours per coat.
2. Preparing Adhesive for Pebbledash
At EWI Store, all our systems are held in place using a combination of high-quality adhesives and mechanical fixings. The insulation boards require a very strong adhesive. In this instance, we highly suggest the use of the EWI-225 Premium Basecoat (although EWI-220 can also be used). EWI-225 is our most versatile adhesive that can be used as an adhesive and a basecoat.
Simply use a paddle mix to mix the dry mix bag with 5.9L of water. Each bag of EWI-225 has coverage of 4m2 when used as an adhesive, and a drying time of 24-48 hours.
3. Installing Insulation Board over Pebbledash
As mentioned, when covering pebbledash, you can install insulation boards directly over it. When installing the insulation board, we recommend applying adhesive to perimeter of the insulation board with 3 dabs across the middle.
4. Installing Mechanical Fixings
Having adhered the insulation board to the pebbledash, we recommend using a metal mechanical fixing to fully secure the board to the property.
You can purchase our mechanical fixings in a variety of lengths. Our range allows you to choose from a selection of fixing lengths to ensure all thicknesses of insulation are catered to.
It should be noted that fixings should be at least 65mm longer than the thickness of the insulation. This is to ensure the fixing can go through the insulation, through the pebbledash and into the brick or block below to provide a really strong anchor.
5. Applying Beading
A further key component of the pebbledash covering process is beading. Beading works to reinforce certain areas on the external wall that are more prone to damage.
The beads you will require will depend on the areas that need reinforcing. For example, windows, doors and corners.
Our selection of available render beads allows you to choose the perfect beading for your property. They are uPVC and designed to be embedded in the basecoat layer.
6. Applying Basecoat and Embedding the Mesh
When applying the EWI-225 Basecoat layer on top of the insulation board, use an 10mm notched trowel. From there, embed fibreglass mesh to create the reinforced flexible basecoat layer. This layer reinforces the system with a strong, flexible and waterproof base.
1 x 25kg Basecoat bag has a coverage of 3.5m 2
At EWI store, we offer two high strength meshes to suit your individual project. Both meshes are coated with acrylic acid copolymer liquid for a long-lasting effect. Below is a breakdown of each mesh’s capabilities:
1) Orange Fibreglass Mesh: For guaranteed strength and flexibility. This mesh is water resistant and protects against alkali damage and aging. 1 x 50m 2 roll covers 42.5m 2 when overlapped.
2) Panzer Fibreglass Mesh: Our strongest mesh available guarantees a premium level of impact and crack resistance. Provides excellent protection against the elements. One 25m2 roll covers 22.5 m2 when overlapped.
7. Priming the Basecoat
Following application of the mesh, and before rendering, your next port of call should be to prime the basecoat. Priming the basecoat aids adhesion between the basecoat and render and also helps limit absorption to the basecoat, allowing the render to cure correctly. Our EWI-333 Topcoat Primer is designed specifically for this purpose and can be tinted to match the colour of your silicone render.
EWI-333 has a drying time of 12-24 hours, depending on the coverage. Its coverage rates are listed below:
- 7kg = 20m 2
- 20kg = 60m 2
8. Applying the Render
Once the Topcoat Primer has dried, the final step in the process is to apply render.
Since most of our renders are thin coat renders, the thickness of the topcoat depends on the grain size of the render. Our most popular render is our EWI-075 silicone render, which is available with a grain size of 1mm, 1.5mm, 2mm and 3mm. If you were to purchase the 2mm Silicone Render, your topcoat should be applied no thicker than 2mm.
Render should be applied using a trowel. Any excess render should always be removed. Use a plastic float to apply the render in a circular motion for your desired finish.
Below are the coverage rates you can expect from each grain size:
- 1.0mm = 12m 2 – 13m 2
- 1.5mm = 9m 2 – 10m 2
- 2.0mm = 7m 2 – 8m 2
- 3.0mm = 5m 2 – 6m 2
Download our Buyer’s Guides
If you are looking to buy any products mentioned, they are available in the EWI Store. If you have any further questions, you can contact our Sales team on: 0203 034 0022.
You can also download a copy of our buyers guide below.